- Preventing cracks home
- Why concrete cracks: Top 4 reasons
- Acceptable Crack Widths
- Start with a Sound Subgrade
- Make sure the subgrade is compacted
- Subgrades and subbases for concrete slabs: Why having good support is critical to success
- Modify the Concrete Mix
- Use a low water-to-cement ratio
- Concrete admixtures that control cracking
- Install Joints
- Be active in deciding where control joints will be placed
- Joints in concrete slabs: Types and where to locate
- Properly Cure the Concrete
- Properly curing concrete slabs: Why and how to cure
- Allow time to water cure
- Related Information:
- How to build high-quality slabs on grade
Acceptable Crack Widths
Not all cracks in concrete are serious enough to require repair. The hairline cracks in this floor were air brushed with brown dye to achieve a beautiful crackle pattern.
At what width does a crack in concrete become a problem? That question often arises, but unfortunately there is no definite answer. It can vary from one project to the next. The answer may also change with the person’s perspective: What is acceptable to the contractor, engineer, or architect may not be acceptable to the owner, who must live with the crack day after day. Even the American Concrete Institute has no standards or recommendations that give a "yes" or "no" answer as to what cracks need repair based on width and other factors.
In general, cracks wider than a credit card and running through the depth of the concrete are structural in nature and could be a sign of more serious problems (see Concrete Crack Repair Evaluation). These cracks -- no matter what the width -- are rarely acceptable. Consult an engineer or concrete repair professional to determine the cause of the crack and to recommend the best repair solution.
For hairline or non-structural cracks in concrete, the answer as to what’s acceptable is less clear. The width at which they became a problem requiring repair often depends on the following factors:
- Is the crack static or is it gradually becoming wider? If you notice movement of the crack, it may continue to widen if the crack isn’t repaired and could indicate a structural problem.
- If the crack is in a horizontal surface, such as a floor or slab, is it wide enough to present a tripping hazard?
- In foundation walls or slabs, is the crack wide enough to allow moisture seepage? (See Foundation and Basement Crack Repair.)
- Does the crack trap dirt and present a maintenance or sanitation issue?
- Is the crack an eye sore and located in a high-visibility area?
Be aware that if you decide to repair the crack, the repair itself is likely to be visible unless you cover it with an overlay. However, it’s often possible to disguise or accentuate a crack through sawcutting, staining and other techniques. (See Incorporating Cracks in Concrete Floor Design.)