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L.M. Scofield

A garage floor coating is one of the most economical and aesthetically pleasing ways to enhance a plain gray concrete garage floor. These heavy-duty epoxy-based systems not only upgrade the look of the floor, they also increase resiliency to stains and tire marks and hide minor imperfections. With many colors to choose from for the base coating, which can be further enhanced by decorative quartz or paint chips, garage floor coatings give you a wide array of design options.

STANDARD EPOXY FLOOR COATING COLORS

Epoxy floor coatings provide a wear-resistant and chemical-resistant surface for garage floors. Many manufacturers of epoxy coatings offer a wide variety of color options, including several choices of color flake chips. Below are a few of the standard color options for your next project. Color samples provided by Westcoat.

GARAGE FLOORING DESIGN OPTIONS

Design Options for Garage Floors
Time: 01:10
Learn about the different options you have for redoing your garage floor with concrete coatings. View all concrete floor videos

Making your garage an extension of your living spaceIn a time not too long ago, garages were all the same: outbuildings that were storage areas for parked cars, with boring gray concrete or even dirt floors. Today garages have taken a more prominent place in the design of homes, often built to house three vehicles, and more often than not, attached to the home. Garages have graduated from simple storage areas to organized shops or showrooms. Today, every bit of attention that a homeowner pays to decorating their home is paid to the garage as well, right down to what goes on the concrete floors.

The growing trend to customize residential garages seems to have generated in the Southwest, where mild weather encouraged people to spend time in their garages. With the addition of evaporative coolers and special heating systems, garages became useable in all corners of the U.S., in all kinds of weather. As garages became extensions of living spaces, the organizational needs for the garages evolved as well. One of the first steps in customizing garages, the addition of custom cabinets, may have led to the popularity of garage floor coatings. With homeowners wanting cleaner and more organized garagens, they also want to upgrade the floor as well.

Now homeowners no longer have to settle for boring, gray concrete flooring. Their garage floors can be as aesthetically pleasing as the rest of their home. See these pictures of custom garage floors.

Garage Floor Coatings
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Find out what products are good to use as a decorative garage floor surface.

The versatility of garage floor coatingsGarage floor coverings have the versatility to go with any style of décor. Looks can range from simple gray concrete with a sealer to a more complex colored base with multicolor flecks in it, offering a design similar to granite or terrazzo.

Color flakes come in a wide range of colors and are made of acrylic paint chips. This system provides an excellent wear surface that can stand up under walking and driving on, but if impact resistance is what you're looking for, decorative quartz is the way to go. Quartz floors are multicolored aggregates thrown to refusal into 100% solids epoxy and have the impact resistance not normally found with the acrylic paint chips.

Choosing the design for your garage floor covering can be as simple as matching the color of your house or as involved as hiding any imperfections or flaws in the existing floor. Coating the existing concrete with only a sealer, any imperfections will show through. A colored base with the paint chips or quartz aggregate thrown down to refusal would cover any imperfections that may exist. If the floor has no aesthetic reasons to choose full coverage, a medium or light paint chip coverage may be chosen for additional design variations.

GARAGE FLOOR PROJECT EXAMPLES


Decorative Concrete of Maryland in Olney, MD

Garage Floor Stenciled Overlay

The owner of this property wanted to create the look of a cobblestone road in his own garage. Elite Crete’s Thin Finish was used for the gray basecoat, then the cobblestone stencil was placed, followed by Pure Texture in bluestone. Once dry, the stencil was removed revealing a custom, one-of-a-kind cobblestone garage floor.

Mile High Coatings in Fort Collins, CO

Firehouse Garage Coating

This firehouse was in need of a concrete flooring system that would be fast to install and require little downtime for upkeep. The coating also needed to withstand the impact of heavy truck traffic, as well as contact with oil, grease and harsh chemicals. The answer was to install HP Spartacote’s Sparta-Chip, a high-performance polyaspartic coating, which gives floors a terrazzo-like seamless flooring finish, enhanced by decorative vinyl chips that are broadcast into the surface.

Custom Concrete Solutions, LLC in West Hartford, CT

Epoxy Transforms Auto Detailing Garage

This once rundown concrete floor received a new high-gloss decorative finish complete with a colorful logo and matching parking stalls. An epoxy coating tinted in various colors was used to cover the old floor. The aluminum-based decal logo was custom ordered and will hold up under heavy traffic.

HOW TO APPLY A GARAGE FLOOR COATING

Preparing the Garage Floor to Receive the CoatingGarage floor coverings can be installed over most concrete garage floors, provided they are properly prepared. Before installing any system to your garage floor, it must be clean and free of any debris that may prevent bonding, such as dirt, oil or sealer. Scrub the floor with detergent and a power scrubber. Acid wash with a solution of four parts water to one part acid, then neutralize the surface with a solution of one part ammonia to ten parts water. Work the neutralizer into the surface with a stiff-bristled brush then rinse with a high-powered washer.

Special Effex

Pay special attention to cleaning any cracks that may be in the floor, as they must be dealt with prior to installing your garage floor covering. Small cracks can be filled with a 100% solids epoxy paste then scraped level with the floor. If the crack is large, overfill it with the epoxy, then grind the epoxy to floor level after it's dry. A 100% solids epoxy or fast-drying cementitious material can be used to fill in any deteriorated spots or rough areas. For tooled control joints, a thin bead of simple latex caulk can be applied to seal the bottom of the joint. This will provide a smooth joint for your garage floor system, resulting in an easy-to-clean floor. Saw cut or expansion joints can be filled with a polyurethane caulk.

If you suspect your garage floor has moisture issues that will prevent your new flooring system from bonding, there is a simple test you can do. Cut out a square piece of plastic sheeting, approximately 2 ft. by 2 ft., and tape all edges of the sheeting to your floor. If water collects on the underside of the plastic, you have moisture vapor transmission. A good vapor barrier will need to be put down before the primer coat. Discuss this option with your installer.

A good garage floor system will consist of a primer, a base coat and a top coat. A primer coat is necessary to ensure a good bond. Apply the primer with a roller according to manufacturer's directions and allow to dry. When the surface is dry to the touch, apply the epoxy or urethane base coat. Broadcast the color flakes evenly into the wet base. The flakes can be applied lightly to show the base color or heavily for increased coverage and durability. Blow or sweep off loose flakes. Scrape the floor using a metal floor scraper to ensure no paint chips are sticking up then blow the floor again. Next seal the system with a finish coat such as a two-part aliphatic polyurethane, which is UV resistant and won't yellow or fade in sunlight. Allow the floor to dry for 48 hours before allowing foot traffic and up to five days for vehicle traffic. Two sealer coats may be required if a full broadcast is applied.

For additional slip resistanceSlip resistant aggregates can be added to the finish coat to increase traction and reduce slip-fall issues. The aggregates are available in different sizes, and issues such as climate and the degree of slip resistance desired must be taken into account when choosing the proper additive. In the Southwest, for example, a 40 to 60 grit aggregate is common, while in the Midwest, a 30 grit is the preferred size. Be sure to discuss the options with your contractor and have him or her show you a sample.

Framing the floor for a more finished lookThe stem walls, those four-inch borders that go around the perimeter of the garage, can be covered with your chosen garage floor system for a cleaner, more finished look. Apply system as you would for any horizontal surface.

CARE AND MAINTENANCE FOR YOUR GARAGE FLOOR COATING

Garage Floor Maintenance
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Caring for, maintaining, and cleaning your garage floor coating. View all concrete floor videos

Maintaining your garage floor coating is simple. For daily maintenance, a soft broom or dust mop works well. For a thorough cleaning, simply wash the floor with a neutral cleaner and follow with a good rinsing.

To eliminate those inevitable tire marks from your garage floor, use a gentle cleaner such as Simple Green (diluted 10-to-1 with water) or almost any other citrus degreaser. Be sure to check the labels and stay away from anything harsh.

Although garage floor systems are resistant to many substances, they're not impervious. Certain substances may damage the floor system if left to stand, so it's important to clean up any spills immediately. Battery acid is especially harmful to finishes and may cause them to bubble; so if your new garage will house golf carts that need to be recharged overnight, make sure to put a plate under the battery compartment. With a little prevention and minimal maintenance, your garage floor system can be enjoyed for years to come.

For more information, see Epoxy Coatings

Related Information:Going Green With Concrete Floors


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