## Use a Low Water to Cement Ratio: How to Calculate Water to Cement Ratios
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A low Low water cement ratio impacts all of the desired properties of concrete listed in the desired properties of concrete section. Use a maximum .50 water to cement ratio when concrete is exposed to Use a maximum .45 water to cement ratio for concrete with severe or very severe sulfate conditions per the 1997 Uniform Building Code (Table 19-A-4) Water permeability increases exponentially when concrete has a water cement ratio greater than .50.
For complete Uniform Building Code information regarding concrete construction, review with your architect, your ready mix supplier, or at your local library. The water to cement ratio is calculated by dividing the water in one cubic yard of the mix ( in pounds) by the cement in the mix (in pounds). So if one cubic yard of the mix has 235 pounds of water and 470 pounds of cement- the mix is a .50 water to cement ratio. If the mix lists the water in gallons, multiply the gallons by 8.33 to find how many pounds there are in the mix. Learn how to properly cure a concrete slab.
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