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What causes foundations and slabs to sink?
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Concrete foundation repair methods
Piering: Home foundation repair
Slabjacking: What is slabjacking?
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Concrete repair: Repair methods and troubleshooting basics
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Ram Jack Systems Distribution, LLC Ada, OK

Foundation Repair

Pictorial Overview of Slab Jacking

Slab Jacking

A pattern of 1-5/8 inch holes are drilled through the sunken slab.

Slab Jacking

A grout mixture is pumped under the slab with our specialized equipment. Once any void is filled, the grout becomes pressurized, hydraulically raising the slab to the desired height.

Slab Jacking

The holes are patched using a concrete mixture.

Photos Courtesy of Concrete Slab Jacking, Inc. in Maryland USA

If your concrete is sinking, there is a very good possibility that the concrete slab was installed on poorly compacted fill dirt. Sub-surface erosion and shrinking soils are also possibilities.

If you are fortunate enough to have a slabjacker in your area, you should not have to replace the concrete. These individuals can float a slab back to its original position by pumping a mixture of sand, cement, fly ash, and other additives beneath your slab.

Advantages of Slabjacking

How Slabjacking is Done

Problems/Solutions on Slabjacking Jobs

Equipment & Materials Used for Slabjacking

They simply drill strategically placed holes into the slab. Using a portable pump and flexible hoses, they fill these holes with the special mixture. Lifting a slab using this method can often be accomplished in a few hours.

Often the cost to perform this service is less than half that of replacing a new slab.

There are numerous benefits to slabjacking.

  • It can be done in virtually any weather. The material injected beneath the slab provides a strong base.
  • There is little or no disruption to landscaping.
  • Nothing needs to be moved off the slab, as the pump can lift the weight of the slab and anything you have placed on it.

Why concrete sinks in the first place

Fill dirt is almost always placed along side of house and garage foundations after the foundation work is completed. This fills in voids created during the foundation construction process. Rarely does a builder take the time to compact this dirt.

Soils consist of solid particles and the spaces (voids) between these particles. However, void spaces in soil can cause big problems for buildings and concrete slabs. Concentrated loads, such as buildings or slabs can literally squeeze air and water from soils.

When this happens, the soil sinks and the buildings or slabs follow closely behind.

Avoiding the problem from the start

The problem could have been avoided. Instead of installing fill dirt, a builder should install granular fill such as sand or a sand and gravel mix. These materials can be compacted quite easily with a hand held vibratory compactor.

This material should also be used to fill trenches that cross sidewalks and driveways.

Proper compaction will remove air voids, which if not removed, will later settle and cause the concrete to crack and sink.

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