How Much Concrete Do You Need?
Knowing how much concrete is needed for a job is incredibly important. Here you will find helpful tools and information about calculating just how much concrete mix you will need for your job.
Calculating the amount of Concrete Needed For Slabs br>(including odd shapes)
Rule of thumb: add 1/4" to the thickness of your slab for your slab concrete budget. This assumes you have the job evenly graded to the right depth, and the grade is well compacted.
If you check your grade and one spot is 4", some spots are 4.5" to 5"-the best solution for both the job quality and your concrete budget is to fix the grade.
Odd shapes: Transform odd shapes into rectangles and odd shapes are suddenly easy to figure.
Figure driveway 14' x 20' and your estimate will be good. Here is why: The driveway is 16' at the top and 12' at the bottom. Through the center the width averages 14'.
Calculating the Amount of Concrete Needed For Footings br>
Footings will rarely follow the drawing exactly. In rocky soil the footings may collapse when big rocks are excavated
This was supposed to be a 12"*12" footing, but note how the left side of the footing has collapsed. Calculate the true width.
The excavator may have dug too deep, or it may have rained and footings needed to be dug out deeper to reach firm soil. So it is important to check a variety of spots on your footing and get an average size. Then use the calculator to figure the amount of concrete needed.
House slabs on grade that are 8" out of grade with a 4" slab also have some of the footing above the grade too.
This 12" x 12" footing needs to be calculated 12" x 16" so the footing is figured to go above grade to reach the 4" slab thickness.
Estimating Concrete Steps
Steps seem tricky to calculate but are not. If there are three steps leading up to a porch:
Use the slab calculator to figure the concrete needed for the porch surface.
Use the footing calculator to calculate the sides of the porch and the steps
Here is an example:
This porch has 9 sq. feet of porch surface, so enter in the slab calculator 4" thickness by 3' width by 3' length. This totals .11 cubic yards.
The porch also has 9 linear feet of 6" step. So enter in the footing calculator, 6" depth by 12" width (always figure steps with a 12" width) by 9' length. This totals .17 cubic yards.
The total concrete needed for the 3' by 3' porch will be .28 cubic yards. (.11 + .17 cubic yards = .28 cubic yards)
Repeat this for added layers of steps.
Calculating The Amount of Base Fill
Granite Construction has an excellent base fill calculator on their site. Use this to figure how much material you need for the subgrade.
Using a Margin of Safety: Problems Caused by Underestimating the Amount of Concrete
Never try to order the exact amount of needed concrete. Include a margin of safety.
A perfectly placed order of concrete will finish the job with a small amount left over. A 20 cubic yard order with 1 cubic yard left over is a good order. A 20 cubic yard order that comes up cubic yard short is not a good order.
Extra costs of coming up short of concrete
Overtime for the crew
A short load charge from the ready mix supplier
A cold joint can occur (where one pour ended and another pour began)
Three steps to ordering enough concrete
Use the concrete calculator
Figure depths and widths as they have been built on the site, not simply what the plans say.
Add a margin of safety
Rule of Thumb for Margin of safety
|If your order is||Order this much extra|
|1-5 cubic yards||.5-1 c.y. extra|
|6-10 c.y.||1 c.y. extra|
|11-20 c.y.||1-1.5 c.y. extra|
It can be upsetting to end up with any extra concrete. You are having to pay for this concrete after all. However, realize you are doing your job a service by ordering enough concrete - which means you are going to have a little concrete left.
Requesting Your Ready Mix Supplier to Visit Your Site
After you have chosen a Ready Mix Supplier, have a representative come to your site to give his/her opinion on the quantity required. Compare the figure with what you came up with. Discuss any variances with the supplier.
Your ready mix supplier is invaluable for checking your view of job conditions, checking your margin of safety, identifying issues you may not have thought of, and informing you of any local conditions you need to be aware of.